Introduction: References

  1. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Directorate for Education (2010). Education at a glance 2010: OECD indicators. Retrieved from,3746,en_2649_39263238_45897844_1_1_1_1,00.html

  2. Council of Ministers of Education, Canada (2008a). Education in Canada. Retrieved from

  3. Roy, F. (2006). From she to she: Changing patterns of women in the Canadian labour force. Canadian Economic Observer, 19(6), 3.1–3.10.

  4. Ibid.

  5. Statistics Canada (2007, June 28). Canada’s population estimates first quarter 2007 (preliminary). The Daily. Retrieved from

  6. Statistics Canada (2011a). Father’s Day … by the numbers 2011. Retrieved from 2011/smr08_157_2011-eng.htm

  7. Campaign 2000 (n.d.). National report cards. Retrieved from

  8. Fortin, P., Godbout, L., & St-Cerny, S. (2011). Economic consequences of Quebec’s educational childcare policy. [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from

  9. Pascal, C. (2009). With our best future in mind: Implementing early learning in Ontario. Report to the Premier by the Special Advisor on Early Learning. Toronto, ON: Queen’s Printer of Ontario.

  10. Blaffer Hrdy, S. (2009). Mothers and others: The evolutionary origins of mutual understanding. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press.

  11. U.S. Census Bureau (2011). U.S. & world population clocks. Retrieved from

  12. Statistics Canada (2010). Population projections for Canada, provinces and territories. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 91520XWE. Ottawa. May 26. Retrieved from⟨=eng

  13. Ibid.

  14. McKeown, T. (1976a). The modern rise of population. New York, NY: Academic Press; McKeown, T. (1976b). The role of medicine: Dream, mirage, or nemesis? London, UK: Nuffield Provincial Hospitals Trust.

  15. Fogel, R. W. (2002). The fourth great awakening and the future of egalitarianism. London, UK: University of Chicago Press.